Capital-intensive states such as California, New York and Texas receive the most corporate welfare, while states such the South and Northeast have the least.
The most generous states are Texas and California, which together account for $2.7 trillion of federal corporate welfare and other federal tax breaks.
The least generous are Texas, New Jersey and Illinois, which each receive $1.7 billion.
A number of states, including New York, have reduced corporate welfare since the Reagan era.
Some have given back in recent years, but the percentage of state taxes paid has not increased, according to the Tax Policy Center, a Washington think tank.
The Tax Policy center said states with higher levels of corporate welfare generally do not have higher corporate tax rates, and the biggest state corporations have fewer jobs.
Texas is one of the most generous.
Capital gains tax: The federal government levies a corporate income tax on profits, capital gains and dividends of publicly traded corporations.
That money is used to pay for a variety of programs including infrastructure improvements and education, among other things.
The tax is scheduled to expire at the end of the year, meaning the Trump administration has until the end March to reach an agreement on how to deal with it.
The biggest federal tax break for corporations is the deduction for state and local taxes.
The deduction allows corporations to deduct the federal income tax paid on income they make in a state that they have no presence in.
The state then gets the rest of the tax revenue from the federal tax, which helps balance the budget.
Companies often choose to move profits offshore, rather than paying federal taxes, so the amount of tax they owe is lower.
But the deduction doesn’t affect the amount companies have to pay on the federal payroll tax, and it doesn’t help pay for unemployment benefits, health insurance, the Earned Income Tax Credit and other tax breaks that the companies also receive.